Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Accounting Policies (Policies)

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Basis of Presentation and Accounting Policies (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis Of Consolidation
Unless the context otherwise indicates, any reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the “Company” refers to SEACOR Holdings Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries and any reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to “SEACOR” refers to SEACOR Holdings Inc. without its consolidated subsidiaries. Capitalized terms used and not specifically defined herein have the same meaning given those terms in the Company's Annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
The condensed consolidated financial information for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 has been prepared by the Company and has not been audited by its independent registered certified public accounting firm. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of SEACOR Holdings Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) have been made to fairly present the Company’s financial position as of September 30, 2019, its results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, its comprehensive income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, its changes in equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, and its cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. Results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of operating results for the full year or any future periods.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States have been condensed or omitted. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Acquisition of Noncontrolling Interest Acquisition of Noncontrolling Interest. On August 2, 2019, the Company, through certain subsidiaries, became the sole owner of the SEA-Vista joint venture by acquiring the 49% interest (the “Remaining SEA-Vista Interest”) that had been owned by ACP III Tankers, LLC (the "Seller"), an affiliate of Avista Capital Partners. As consideration for the Remaining SEA-Vista Interest, SEACOR issued 1,500,000 shares of Common Stock to the Seller (the "Consideration Shares"), in a noncash transaction, and the Company paid $107.7 million in cash, inclusive of expenses related to the transaction (see Notes 8 and 9).
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
Adoption of New Accounting Standards. On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Topic 842, Leases (“Topic 842”) using a modified prospective approach and implemented internal controls and systems to enable the preparation of financial information upon adoption. The Company elected the available practical expedients permitted under the guidance including the option to not separate lease and nonlease components in calculating the right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities and to not apply the recognition requirements of Topic 842 to short-term leases (leases that have a duration of twelve months or less at lease inception). Generally, it was not possible for the Company to determine the interest rate implicit in each of its operating leases and therefore used its incremental borrowing rate in calculating operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. The Company assigned its leases to portfolios based on the remaining term at the time of adoption and applied a single rate to each portfolio of leases as the result was not materially different than using a specific discount rate for each individual lease. The Company included renewal options that were reasonably certain of being exercised in determining the lease term. Upon adoption, the Company recorded operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities of $174.6 million for certain of its equipment, offices, real property and land leases (see Note 5). In addition, the Company recognized a cumulative-effect adjustment of $25.4 million, net of tax, to the opening balance of retained earnings primarily for previously deferred gains related to sale-leaseback transactions.
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-16, Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, which eliminates the deferral of the tax effects of intercompany asset sales other than inventory until the transferred assets are sold to a third party or recovered through use. As a result of the adoption of the standard, the deferred tax charges previously recognized from those sales resulted in a decrease in deferred tax assets and a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings of $2.5 million in the consolidated balance sheets and statements of changes in equity as of January 1, 2018.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue Recognition. Revenue is recognized when (or as) the Company transfers promised goods or services to its customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services, which occurs when (or as) the Company satisfies its contractual obligations and transfers control of the promised goods or services to its customers. Costs to obtain or fulfill a contract are expensed as incurred.
Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Ocean Services primarily earns revenues from voyage charters, contracts of affreightment, tariff based port and infrastructure services, unit freight logistics services, and technical ship management
agreements with vessel owners (see Note 13). Ocean Services transfers control of the service to the customer and satisfies its performance obligation over the term of the contract, and therefore recognizes revenue over the term of the contract while related costs are expensed as incurred. Voyage charters are contracts to carry cargoes on a single voyage basis for a predetermined price, regardless of time to complete. Contracts of affreightment are contracts for cargoes that are committed on a multi-voyage basis for various periods of time, with minimum and maximum cargo tonnages specified over the period at a fixed or escalating rate per ton. Tariff based port and infrastructure services typically include operating harbor tugs alongside oceangoing vessels to escort them to their berth, assisting with the docking and undocking of these oceangoing vessels and escorting them back out to sea. They are contracted using prevailing port tariff terms on a per-use basis. In the unit freight logistics trade, transportation services typically include transporting shipping containers, rail cars, project cargoes, automobiles and U.S. military vehicles and are generally contracted on a per unit basis for the specified cargo and destination, typically in accordance with a publicly available tariff rate or based on a negotiated rate when moving larger volumes over an extended period. Managed services include technical ship management agreements whereby Ocean Services provides technical ship management services to third-party customers for a predetermined price over a specified period of time, typically a year or more.
Inland Services primarily earns revenues from contracts of affreightment, terminal operations, fleeting operations and repair and maintenance services (see Note 13). Inland Services transfers control of the service to the customer and satisfies its performance obligation over the term of the contract, and therefore recognizes revenue over the term of the contract while related costs are expensed as incurred. Contracts of affreightment are contracts whereby customers are charged an established rate per ton to transport cargo from point-to-point. Terminal operations includes tank farms and dry bulk and container handling facilities that are marketed under contractual rates and terms driven by throughput volume. Fleeting operations includes fleeting services whereby barges are held in fleeting areas for an agreed-upon day rate and shifting services whereby harbor boats are used to pick up and drop off barges to assist in assembling tows and to move barges to and from the dock for loading and unloading at predetermined per-shift fees. Other operations primarily include a machine shop specializing in towboat and barge cleaning, repair and maintenance services that are charged on an hourly or a fixed fee basis depending on the scope and nature of the work.
Witt O’Brien’s primarily earns revenues from time and material and retainer contracts (see Note 13). Witt O’Brien’s transfers control of the service to the customer and satisfies its performance obligation over the term of the contract, and therefore recognizes revenue over the term of the contract while related costs are expensed as incurred. Time and material contracts primarily relate to emergency response, debris management or consulting services that Witt O’Brien’s performs for a predetermined fee. Retainer contracts, which are nearly all with vessel services operators and oil companies, are contracted based on agreed-upon rates.
The Company’s Other business segment includes CLEANCOR Energy Solutions LLC and its subsidiaries (collectively “Cleancor”), which primarily earns revenues from the sale of liquefied natural gas (see Note 13). Under these arrangements, control of the goods are transferred to the customer and performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time, and therefore revenue is recognized upon delivery while any related costs are expensed as incurred.
Contract liabilities from contracts with customers arise when the Company has received consideration prior to performance and are included in other current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company’s contract liability activity for the nine months ended September 30 was as follows (in thousands):
2019
Balance at beginning of period $ 968   
Previously deferred revenues recognized upon completion of performance obligations during the period (950)  
Net contract liabilities arising during the period 2,723   
Balance at end of period $ 2,741   
Lease Revenues
Lease Revenues. The Company’s lease revenues are primarily from time charters, bareboat charters and non-vessel rental arrangements. The Company accounts for these leases as operating leases. The lease terms are included in the charter and rental arrangements, and the determination of whether those arrangements contain a lease generally does not require significant assumptions or judgments. The Company’s lease revenues do not include material amounts of variable payments and are recognized ratably over the lease term as services are provided, typically on a per day basis.
Under a time charter, the Company provides a vessel to a customer for a set term and is responsible for all operating expenses, typically excluding fuel. The non-lease components included in time charter rates are typically crewing, maintenance and insurance for the vessel over the term of the lease. Under a bareboat charter, the Company provides a vessel to a customer for a set term and the customer assumes responsibility for all operating expenses and risks of operation. Under non-vessel rental arrangements, the Company provides non-vessel property or equipment to a customer for a set term and the customer
assumes responsibility for all operating expenses and risks of operation. There are no non-lease components for bareboat charters and non-vessel rental arrangements.
Lease revenues are generated from owned equipment as well as equipment that is leased-in from other equipment owners or financial institutions. Lease revenues from equipment that is leased-in are included in sublease income for the Company’s lessee disclosures (see Note 5). The Company’s leases generally do not provide an option for customers to purchase the leased equipment and lessees do not provide residual value guarantees. The Company expects to derive significant benefits from its equipment following the end of the lease terms.
Property and Equipment
Property and Equipment. Equipment, stated at cost, is depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the asset to an estimated salvage value. With respect to each class of asset, the estimated useful life is based upon a newly built asset being placed into service and represents the time period beyond which it is typically not justifiable for the Company to continue to operate the asset in the same or similar manner. From time to time, the Company may acquire older assets that have already exceeded their useful life as set forth in the Company’s useful life policy, in which case the Company depreciates such assets based on its best estimate of remaining useful life, typically the next survey or certification date.
As of September 30, 2019, the estimated useful life (in years) of each of the Company’s major categories of new equipment was as follows:
Petroleum and chemical carriers - U.S.-flag 25
Bulk carriers - U.S.-flag 25
Harbor and offshore tugs 25
Ocean liquid tank barges 25
Short-sea container/RORO(1) vessels
20
Inland river dry-cargo and specialty barges 20
Inland river liquid tank barges 25
Inland river towboats and harbor boats 25
Terminal and fleeting facilities 20
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(1)Roll On/Roll Off.
Equipment maintenance and repair costs including the costs of routine overhauls, dry-dockings and inspections performed on vessels and equipment are charged to operating expense as incurred. Expenditures that extend the useful life or improve the marketing and commercial characteristics of equipment as well as major renewals and improvements to other properties are capitalized.
As of September 30, 2019, the Company had construction in progress of $20.9 million that primarily consisted of the construction of and upgrades to inland river towboats and other Inland Services equipment, and is included in historical cost in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Certain interest costs incurred during the construction of equipment are capitalized as part of the assets’ carrying values and are amortized over such assets’ estimated useful lives. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, capitalized interest totaled $0.1 million.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets Impairment of Long-Lived Assets. The Company performs an impairment analysis of long-lived assets used in operations, including intangible assets, when indicators of impairment are present. These indicators may include a significant decrease in the market price of a long-lived asset or asset group, a significant adverse change in the extent or manner in which a long-lived asset or asset group is being used or in its physical condition, or a current period operating or cash flow loss combined with a history of operating or cash flow losses or a forecast that demonstrates continuing losses associated with the use of a long-lived asset or asset group. If the carrying values of the assets are not recoverable, as determined by the estimated undiscounted cash flows, the estimated fair value of the assets or asset groups are compared to their current carrying value and impairment charges are recorded if the carrying value exceeds fair value. The Company performs its testing on an asset or asset group basis. The Company’s estimates of undiscounted cash flows are highly subjective and actual results may vary from the Company’s estimates due to the uncertainty regarding projected financial performance. Generally, fair value is determined using valuation techniques, such as expected discounted cash flows or appraisals, as appropriate. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not recognize any impairment charges related to long-lived assets held for use.
Impairment of 50% or Less Owned Companies Impairment of 50% or Less Owned Companies. Investments in 50% or less owned companies are reviewed periodically to assess whether there is an other-than-temporary decline in the carrying value of the investment. In its evaluation, the Company considers, among other items, recent and expected financial performance and returns, impairments recorded by the investee and the capital structure of the investee. When the Company determines the estimated fair value of an investment is below carrying value and the decline is other-than-temporary, the investment is written down to its estimated fair value. Actual results may vary from the Company’s estimates due to the uncertainty regarding projected financial performance, the severity and expected duration of declines in value and the available liquidity in the capital markets to support the continuing operations of the investee, among other factors. Although the Company believes its assumptions and estimates are reasonable, the investee’s actual performance compared with the estimates could produce different results and lead to additional impairment charges in future periods. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company did not recognize any impairment charges related to its 50% or less owned companies. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized an impairment charge of $0.1 million related to one of its 50% or less owned companies, which is included in equity in earnings (losses) of 50% or less owned companies, net of tax in the accompanying consolidated statements of income.
Income Taxes Income Taxes. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company’s effective income tax rate of 15.1% was lower than the statutory rate primarily due to income subject to tonnage tax, foreign sourced income not subject to U.S. tax, and taxes not provided on income attributable to noncontrolling interests, partially offset by foreign taxes not creditable against U.S. income tax (see Note 6). During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company's effective income tax rate of 14.4% was lower than the statutory rate primarily due to foreign sourced income not subject to U.S. tax partially offset by income taxes in Subpart F income.
Deferred Gains
Deferred Gains. The Company has sold certain equipment to its 50% or less owned companies, entered into vessel sale-leaseback transactions with finance companies, and provided seller financing on sales of its equipment to third parties and its 50% or less owned companies. A portion of the gains realized from these transactions were deferred and recorded in deferred gains and other liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Deferred gain activity related to these transactions for the nine months ended September 30 was as follows (in thousands):
2019 2018
Balance at beginning of period $ 43,664    $ 72,453   
Impact of adoption of accounting principle(1)
(29,207)   —   
Amortization of deferred gains included in operating expenses as a reduction to rental expense —    (8,991)  
Amortization of deferred gains included in gains on asset dispositions (2,119)   (6,988)  
Reclassification of deferred gains into historical cost on reacquired property and equipment —    (3,052)  
Balance at end of period $ 12,338    $ 53,422   
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(1)On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Topic 842 and reduced deferred gains associated with sale-leaseback transactions through a beginning period retained earnings adjustment.
Earnings Per Share Earnings Per Share. Basic earnings per common share of SEACOR is computed based on the weighted average number of common shares issued and outstanding during the relevant periods. Diluted earnings per common share of SEACOR is computed based on the weighted average number of common shares issued and outstanding plus the effect of potentially dilutive securities through the application of the treasury stock and if-converted methods. Dilutive securities for this purpose assumes restricted stock grants have vested, common shares have been issued pursuant to the exercise of outstanding stock options and common shares have been issued pursuant to the conversion of all outstanding convertible notes.
Computations of basic and diluted earnings per common share of SEACOR were as follows (in thousands, except share data):
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
Net Income attributable to SEACOR Average O/S Shares Per Share Net Income Attributable to SEACOR Average O/S Shares Per Share
2019
Basic Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding $ 6,405    19,322,423    $ 0.33    $ 28,691    18,618,613    $ 1.54   
Effect of Dilutive Securities:
Options and Restricted Stock(1)
—    189,395    —    138,588   
Convertible Notes(2)
318    1,227,101    955    1,227,101   
Diluted Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding $ 6,723    20,738,919    $ 0.32    $ 29,646    19,984,302    $ 1.48   
2018
Basic Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding $ 17,067    18,108,388    $ 0.94    $ 62,834    18,052,274    $ 3.48   
Effect of Dilutive Securities:
Options and Restricted Stock(3)
—    303,285    —    299,405   
Convertible Notes(4)
1,625    2,780,881    9,495    4,156,943   
Diluted Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding $ 18,692    21,192,554    $ 0.88    $ 72,329    22,508,622    $ 3.21   
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(1)For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, diluted earnings per common share of SEACOR excluded 557,321 and 723,370, respectively, of certain share awards as the effect of their inclusion in the computation would be anti-dilutive.
(2)For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, diluted earnings per common share of SEACOR excluded 827,566 and 1,027,663, respectively, of common shares issuable pursuant to the Company’s 3.0% Convertible Senior Notes and 1,553,780 and 1,553,780, respectively, of common shares issuable pursuant to the Company’s 3.25% Convertible Senior Notes as the effect of their inclusion in the computation would be anti-dilutive.
(3)For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, diluted earnings per common share of SEACOR excluded 295,074 and 292,169, respectively, of certain share awards as the effect of their inclusion in the computation would be anti-dilutive.
(4)For the three months ended September 30, 2018, diluted earnings per common share of SEACOR excluded 1,408,719 of common shares issuable pursuant to the Company’s 3.0% Convertible Senior Notes as the effect of their inclusion in the computation would be anti-dilutive.
New Accounting Pronouncements
New Accounting Pronouncements. On June 16, 2016, the FASB issued an amendment to the accounting standards, which replaces the current incurred loss impairment methodology for financial assets measured at amortized cost with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information, including forecasted information, to develop credit loss estimates. The new standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company has not yet determined what impact, if any, the adoption of the new standard will have on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
On January 26, 2017, the FASB issued an amendment to the accounting standards, which simplified wording and removed step two of the goodwill impairment test. A goodwill impairment will now be the amount by which a reporting unit’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill. The FASB also eliminated the requirements for any reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount to perform a qualitative assessment and, if it fails that qualitative test, to perform step two of the goodwill test. The new standard is effective for annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company has not yet determined what impact, if any, the adoption of the new standard will have on its consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.